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Boston Fed Predicts Crypto’s Future

A preliminary model for a central bank digital currency has been developed by the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Digital Currency Initiative.

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The Federal Reserve Bank of Boston has developed a basic concept for a central bank digital currency. Together with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Digital Currency Initiative.

MIT and the Boston Fed claim that the virtual coin can conduct 1.7 million transactions per second. Also, it can settle in less than two seconds, just as the Federal Reserve is weighing the benefits and drawbacks of introducing one.



The Boston Fed and MIT’s Digital Currency Initiative are collaborating on Project Hamilton. It is a multi-year research effort that began in 2020. The research is looking into various designs that would enhance the functioning of a CBDC. This may be utilized in retail, e-commerce, and person-to-person payments, among other things.

The Hamilton proposal is distinct from the Fed’s Board of Governor’s present assessment of the use of a digital currency. It  is also under consideration by other worldwide central banks. Several technical design questions remain unanswered in the early stages of the study. Furthermore, it could have consequences in assessing whether the Fed could pursue a CBDC.

One concern raised by the Fed is that implementing a CBDC could result in more financial system runs; however, if correctly designed, the Fed could mitigate this risk. Other factors to evaluate include how well it protects Americans’ privacy while addressing cybersecurity. It includes criminal behavior such as hacking and money laundering.

They’re learning where trade-offs between utmost privacy and blocking illicit crypto flows exist in certain policy and design concerns. Researchers believe there may be other concerns sacrificing speed for privacy, but they are still investigating.

Boston’s Coin Operation

The core processor, according to researchers, doesn’t need to see a lot of data, which protects Americans’ privacy. They’re considering a more tiered approach. It is where the central processor doesn’t need to know information about users. However, “outer layers” might acquire access to data, according to the researchers.

“We have tools that can assist us to validate the integrity of data without necessarily divulging what that data says,” said Neha Narula, director of MIT’s Digital Currency Initiative.

During the first phase, researchers focused on accomplishing speed goals. Such as settling payments in less than five seconds; scalability goals, such as supporting transaction volumes of more than 100,000 per second. Also, the usability and security goals, such as assuring round-the-clock use. Researchers developed a processing engine. Where it allows CBDC to be securely stored and moved. Laying the groundwork for a comprehensive system.

One of the main goals was to develop a flexible system that could accommodate a number of banking models. On top of that, providing the data needed to make decisions.


Researchers are experimenting with various technologies in order to achieve the best design. CBDC is often associated with distributed ledger technology (DLT). However, it can work without it. This phase explored blockchain and non-blockchain possibilities. Utilizing ideas prominent in bitcoin and blockchain technology to choose and optimize design elements.

Because the CBDC operates on a centralized system, it does not use mining or proof of stake. In contrast to other decentralized systems. Hence, uses less energy. This is comparable to the amount of electricity used by credit cards, Venmo, or cash apps.

CBDCs are expected to evolve over time if they are introduced. It is essential that the system designed be flexible enough to accommodate this.

Researchers are also looking into programmable cryptographic systems for privacy, digital wallet security, and privacy in digital wallets. Determination of a deadline for completion of final design plans rests on the Boston Fed.

“We want to provide more information on a regular basis. “However, there is a great deal of work to be done here,” Cunha continued.

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Tanya Smith is an editor at iBaseTrading. With M.A. in Journalism and Mass Communication, she is pursuing her dream of creating a positive difference in the media industry. She also enjoys Fashion and Travelling.